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Ancient Roman culture became the prototypes for almost all cultures of Europe, and it is not surprising that one of its cultural inventions, which first appeared in Rome, was museums. Start to this the world's first museum laid a collection of antique bronze, donated to the citizens of Rome, in 1471, the then head of the church, Pope Sixtus IV. Since 1734, a greatly expanded collection has become available to the public.
Today the museum, where the collection is located, is a single architectural ensemble of Capitoline Square and three palaces designed by Michelangelo Buonarotti in the 16th century, which are the greatest attraction of Rome. Here, even the tile that laid out the area was designed by the great master. The entire ensemble includes the Palace of Senators, where the City Hall of Rome is located and only the lower floor is reserved for the expositions of the Capitoline Museums, as well as the Palace of the Conservatives and the New Palace, where the main museum expositions are located.
In the New Palace exhibited a magnificent collection of classical sculpture. Among them are such works as “Venus Capitoline”, “Discus Ball”, “Dying Gall”. The original equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, made of bronze in the 2nd century, was also moved here. n e. More recently, it was located on Capitol Square and became the hallmark of the museum. Now there is an exact copy of it. Here is the famous gallery of the Emperors, which contains busts of Roman rulers who once adorned the alleys and palaces of Ancient Rome.
At the Palace of Conservatives Already more ancient artifacts are exhibited. It is here that there is a statue of the legendary Capitoline Wolf, feeding Romulus and Remus - the mythical founders of Rome. This statue is today the world famous symbol of the Eternal City. Here are located the no less famous sculptural image of the “Boy pulling a splinter” of the 1st century. BC e., as well as bronze statues of the Etruscans, created back in the VI century. The exhibits of all these halls are known all over the world and their photographs are replicated in hundreds of millions of copies.
The true treasure of the museum is on the 2nd floor of the palace - there is an art gallery (Pinacoteca), where paintings and mosaics in the Baroque and Renaissance of such artists as Rubens, Veronese, Tintoretto, Titian, Velazquez, Gverchino, Caravaggio are displayed.
An absolutely amazing exposition of coins and jewelry is presented on the 3rd floor, which positions itself as a separate numismatic museum and is a place of pilgrimage for collectors from around the world.
Great city, great creations, great art!