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History of occurrence
Initially, a museum dedicated to Jewish culture was founded in Berlin in 1933. Since 1971, at the exhibition dedicated to the centenary of the Jewish community, the idea of building a new Jewish museum was first proposed, but it remained unclaimed for more than 10 years. Such exhibitions were held annually in the building of the former Museum of the History of Berlin, but every year the problem of expanding the space became more and more urgent. And in 1988, a competition was announced for the best architectural project to expand the museum for exhibits dedicated to the Jewish people. The winner of this competition was the architect Daniel Libeskind.
A bit about the creator of the museum
Daniel Libeskind was born in 1946 into a Jewish family. Since childhood, he was talented and dreamed of a pianist career. But when he moved to the USA at the age of 14, he became interested in other disciplines, such as mathematics, painting and architecture. This determined his further professional activities. Of all the architectural trends, deconstructivism is close to him in spirit. It was in this decision that the project of a new museum was proposed, which he called Between the Lines, which translates as "between the lines."
Expositions and exhibits
This is a zigzag lead building that crosses a straight line from a series of empty rooms. It, as it were, symbolizes the emptiness that has formed in Europe from countless ruined dead souls and destroyed Jewish culture. Two years before the opening of the museum, the building was opened to the public, and 350 thousand people visited it with pleasure.
The museum itself was opened in 2001. You can get into it only from the Collegium House through an underground passage. From the basement, sightseers enter the Garden of Exile. The garden floor is slightly sloping. Concrete columns are also tilted. In such conditions, there is a feeling of disorientation and certain difficulties when moving.
Visitors will see 49 stellas, 48 of which are filled with the land of Berlin (symbolize the date of the formation of Israel), and one more with the Israeli land. Immediately located is the dark "Holocaust Tower" with a small click of a gap at the top. Museum expositions can make such a strong impression that guides have to always be ready to provide first aid. For example, in the Chalechet museum void, thousands of small metal discs are scattered across the floor with slots in the form of faces distorted by pain, which crunch underfoot. It feels like you are involved in a terrible Holocaust.
The Jewish Museum in Berlin is the history of the Jewish people and its culture, represented by almost four thousand exhibits: manuscripts, first books with illustrations, earthenware dishes, glasses by Moses Mendelssohn and many more everyday objects of the two thousandth history of the Jewish people.