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Crucifixion of St. Peter - Luke Giordano. 196x258
The Neapolitan Luca Giordano (1632-1705) was extremely fruitful. Today, his works (several thousand works), "moving" from palaces and temples, are in many museums around the world. For a long time it was believed that he was nothing more than a masterful artist, capable of creating shallow, bravura, monotonous decorative compositions that prepared the way for the subsequent Rococo. However, researchers, given the peculiarity of the practice of that era, when many of the orders made by the painter, for the most part were performed by students and apprentices, singled out genuine works from his work and discovered an extraordinary, deep virtuoso. Giordano was a student of the Spaniard Husse Ribera, but was open to other influences, in particular Pietro da Cortona, the Renaissance Venetians and especially Veronese.
According to the custom prevailing in the artistic environment, Giordano took a trip to Rome and Venice. Picturesque manner of life scenes St. Peter arose under the influence of this trip. Compositional diagonals sharply outline the surface of a large canvas, a powerful relief of strained human bodies affirms itself in the foreground, emitting energy waves, making the viewer shudder from a brutal tragedy. The fisherman from Galilee, Simon, became one of Christ's called disciples: “Jesus, looking at him, said: you are Simon, son of Jonin; you will name Kif, which means stone. ” (Kifa - in Aramaic, in Greek - Peter.) Under the Emperor Nero in 64 AD e. the elderly Peter was crucified on the cross, fulfilling the request of the executed: considering himself unworthy to die, as Teacher, he asked him to be crucified upside down.